Glossary of Terms
Alveolar bone - the thickened ridge of bone that contains the tooth sockets on bones that bear teeth.
Bone grafting - is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone with material from the patient's own body, an artificial, synthetic, or natural substitute.
Cranioplasty - it is a surgical repair of a defect or deformity of a skull.
Dental prosthesis - An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. Dentures and specific types of dentures are also available.
Extraction - is the removal of a tooth from the mouth.
Iliac - uppermost and largest bone of the pelvis.
In-vitro - (Latin: within the glass) refers to the technique of performing a given procedure in a controlled environment outside of a living organism, such as in a "test tube" or Petri dish.
In-vivo - (Latin for "within the living") refers to experimentation using a whole, living organism.
Poly Lactic Co-Glycolic Acid (PLGA) - is a synthetic copolymer of lactic acid (-hydroxy propanoic acid) and glycolic acid (hydroxy acetic acid). Lactic acid contains an asymmetric carbon atom, and therefore has two optical isomers: l(+) lactic acid and d(-) lactic acid. Lactic acid is present in nature as either an intermediate or an end product in carbohydrate metabolism. It is widely distributed in all living creatures (man, animals, plants, and microorganisms). Glycolic acid occurs in nature to a limited extent. Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) degrades in vivo to innocuous products. Its final degradation products are lactate (salt form of lactic acid) and glycolate (salt form of glycolic acid).
Resorbs - to dissolve and assimilate such things as bone tissue.
Speech impediment - Speech disorders or speech impediments, as they are also called, are a type of communication disorders where 'normal' speech is disrupted. This can mean stuttering, lisps, etc. Someone who is totally unable to speak due to a speech disorder is considered mute.
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